For help with research concerning the Jewish Criterion, please contact:
Martha L. Berg, Archivist
Rodef Shalom Congregation
4905 Fifth Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
412-621-6566 ext. 131
For help with research concerning the American Jewish Outlook, the Jewish Chronicle, or the Y-JCC series, please contact:
Senator John Heinz History Center
in association with the Smithsonian Institution
1212 Smallman Street Pittsburgh, PA 15222
For technical problems, please contact:
Ann Marie Mesco
Digitization Projects Manager
University Libraries - Archives/Digital Library Initiatives
Carnegie Mellon University
5000 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
Note on Rights and Permissions
Use of the Pittsburgh Jewish Newspaper Collection is intended for educational, research, and personal purposes only. Users are responsible for understanding what constitutes "fair use" under U. S. copyright law and for obtaining written permission for use of page images for any publication or commercial reproduction.
Author of article (if known), article title, publication title, date of issue, page, followed by the persistent URL (found above the document being viewed, or in the More Information window), date accessed and "Pittsburgh Jewish Newspaper Project, Carnegie Mellon University Libraries."
- Stefan Zweig, "This Year in Jerusalem," Jewish Criterion, April 7, 1939, 3. http://doi.library.cmu.edu/10.1184/pmc/CRI/CRI_1939_093_022_04071939, accessed April 9, 2012, Pittsburgh Jewish Newspaper Project, Carnegie Mellon University Libraries.
Using the Collection
- Selecting fewer collections when you search may display results quicker.
- Use quotes to search for full phrases in the Keywords field.
- You do not need to use quotes in the Phrase fields in an advanced search, as it will search for phrases by default.
- Using Pattern or Concept searching may return a very high number of results that have some relevancy to your search, even if very little. If the results are sorted by relevance (the default), the first documents returned will be the ones that match your search terms best.
- The Persistent Link for the document you are viewing will be displayed above the document. This is the address that should be used for bookmarks and citations.
- Because some scanned images are from older, discolored paper, it may be difficult to see the text highlighting on some pages.
- An easy way to print multiple pages is to open the full PDF by clicking the Show Document button, right-click on the document once it loads in a new window, and select Print... from the menu that pops up. Then you can enter the range of pages you would like to print in the Pages area.
- If PDFs will not display correctly in your mobile browser, click the magnifying glass in the upper right to load the entire PDF document outside the page.
These digital collections have been scanned using OCR (Optical Character Recognition) technology that provides full-text searching capabilities. This allows users to search through all of the digitized documents for specific words and phrases. On the main menu at the top of the page click the Search option. From here you have the option of performing a basic or advanced search.
You can check/uncheck boxes to choose which newspapers you would like to search. You can also choose a Search Type (see below), what to Sort by, and how to View results.
A Basic Search can be performed using keywords. Use quotes to search for specific phrases (ex. "Enoch Rauh"). All text and item descriptions will be searched, providing results based on relevance by default. You can also enter a date or date span to search in the Publication Date box (ex. "01/01/1903-12/31/1913").
Twenty-five results are presented per page and can be displayed according to one of the four display options ( columns, rows, thumbnails or thumbnail rows) found at the top of the page. In order to browse through each page of results, use the page numbers or arrows found at the top of the page.
From the regular search page, click on Advanced Search to use an alternate search interface. Here you can enter a phrase (without quotes) in each of the first two text boxes. In the third box (all the words) you can list keywords separated by spaces. In the fourth box (without the words) you can list keywords that you would like to eliminate from the results.
When searching, there are three modes to choose from:
- Boolean: Use traditional Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) to find exact matches.
- Concept: Enter a search in plain English (or another language), similar to a basic Google search. The search engine uses various methods to find results that best match your terms, and returns the results in order of their relevancy (by default)
- Pattern: Similar to a Concept search, but also allows room for spelling differences in search terms/results.
If you select Browse from the main menu, you will be presented with the option to browse all of the newspapers, a specific newspaper, or a range of years. Newspapers are sorted by year within each collection.
After locating a document that you would like to view by either browsing or searching, click the item's title. For most materials, the selected document will be presented in PDF format.
Words or phrases that were used to search will be highlighted within the document. However, once the document is displayed as a PDF, different words and phrases can always be searched within the document using the PDF reader's Find box, usually in the upper right. (If you cannot see the box, try clicking on the document then hitting [ctrl+f] on the keyboard.)
Above the PDF document are a number of options for viewing. The blue up and down arrows will allow you to scroll page to page. The Previous Hit and Next Hit buttons will take you to the previous/next page of the document on which your search terms are found, skipping pages that do not match your search.
At the top right hand side of the page are other useful icons. Clicking the Show Document icon will open the full document in a separate window, allowing you to scroll through its pages. The More Information icon will provide metadata and additional information pertinent to the document. You can also find the document's Persistent Link there, which is the link that should be used for bookmarks and citations. Just to the left of these icons are arrows which allow you to move to additional documents matching your search criteria, or in the collection you are browsing.